Outdoors

Early in Long Island’s 15,000-year history, sea level was more than 100 feet lower than it is now
Once the glacier stopped its advance and began to retreat to the north, its meltwaters ran easterly to the Peconics and south to the sea, carrying with them fine soil particles to form alluvial fans that ultimately became flattish productive farmland. Durell Godfrey

Authors of the Magnuson-Stevens Act created management counsels, peopled by scientists, conservationists, and fishermen, to oversee fish stocks found off the country’s coasts
The statue at Montauk Point remembers fishermen lost at sea. Many believe the fishing industry is now in danger of being lost to regulations handed down from Washington, D.C. Russell Drumm

Moore’s Woods is one of the easternmost outposts of the famous Appalachian hardwood forest
The leaves of the rare cranefly orchid peek out from the fallen leaves in Moore’s Woods in Greenport. The orchid flowers in the spring and leafs out in the fall. Victoria Bustamante

Our connection to the natural world is a blessing that must never be taken for granted, or squandered
Rumors that the fall striped bass run is over are greatly exaggerated. Surfcasters continued to catch fish up to 20 pounds during the past week. Russell Drumm

The winter birds have been showing up in good numbers

Tales of Friday’s big wind, big surf, big white water, and big striped bass
Surfcasters had to work for their catch on Friday, as a large ocean swell was pushed sideways by a 20-knot southwest wind, but big bass in the 20-to-30-pound range were the payoff. Russell Drumm

Storm Sandy wiped away last fall’s colors a few days before they were about to peak
As autumns go, based on foliage aesthetics and nut production, this is one of the best. Carissa Katz

A sense of wonder
Chris Miller of the West Lake Marina poured hermit crabs, which he calls “blackfish crack,” into a basket for a charter captain Tuesday. Russell Drumm

Fruiting trees, the oaks among them, evolved hand in hand with the birds and mammals

“Had a school of 30-pounders in front of me with no one around. Wow!”
Steve Kramer of Montauk caught this 20-pound striped bass using a Hopkins lure that belonged to the late Percy Heath. Dalton Portella